Folic Acid: The Reasons Why Folic Acid Supplement Is Better Than Taking It From Food

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Recently, folic acid supplements are getting popular. And, many women who are pregnant or during fertility treatment take folic acid supplements. On the other hand, there are many women who are interested in folic acid supplements but haven’t tried them yet because they are not sure if the folic acid supplement is really good or not.

In this article, we will introduce the reasons why folic acid is essential during pregnancy and why its supplement version is superior compared to some natural folic acid from various food sources.

Why is folic acid essential in pregnancy?

The Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare strongly recommends the intake of folic acid in pregnancy. And in many other countries like the Philippines, it is also recommended to avoid birth defects.

Let’s take a look at the effects of folic acid by the recommended period of intake, its effects, the necessary dosage, and expected results.

Period Effect・Main work Necessary intake
During fertility treatment Increase the chance to be pregnant 640μg
Early-stage of pregnancy Reduce the risk of congenital disease 640μg
Mid-stage of pregnancy Helps normal development for baby 480μg
Late-stage of pregnancy Helps normal development for baby 480μg
Postpartum For breastfeeding・Postpartum recovery 340μg

Early-stage of pregnancy<640μg>

The recommended intake of folic acid at this time is 640 μg, and it is recommended that 400 μg of it is taken from a supplement. In addition to reducing the risk of neural tube defects at birth by 70%, it is said to be effective in reducing autistic risk and miscarriage risk.

Mid-stage of pregnancy 〜 Give birth<480μg>

At this time, the necessary amount decreases relatively, 480 μg is a standard. The role of folic acid at this time works to help maternal function, reduce the risk of premature birth, prevention of anemia, improvement of immune function and digestive function, and the function to raise babies.

During breastfeeding<340μg>

The amount of folic acid to be ingested during breastfeeding is 340 μg. The effect obtained by the intake of folic acid at this time is to help the function necessary after childbirth such as improvement of breast milk by hematopoietic effect, improvement of uterine recovery after childbirth. In addition, as an effect of folic acid common to the whole period, it also prevents you from having anemia.

 In addition, as an effect of folic acid common to the whole period, it also prevents you from having anemia.

When is folic acid insufficient in your body?

Folic acid is not only for a mother’s body but also for the baby’s normal developmental aid. Therefore, if folic acid is insufficient, it is said that the risk of congenital disease will increase, so you need to be careful.

Also, anemia tends to occur if folic acid is deficient.

The reasons why taking folic acid by supplement is better

There are two types of folic acid, “natural folic acid” and “synthetic folic acid”. Natural polyglutamic acid type” is contained in vegetables and synthetic ingredient “mono-glutamic acid type” is contained in supplements. These are called “natural folic acid” and “synthetic folic acid”.

These two types of folic acid are fundamental. Natural folic acid contained in foods is easy to dissolve in water and weak against heating, so it is said that it is difficult to ingest efficiently with meals. Synthetic folic acid, on the other hand, is made to compensate for the weakness of this natural folic acid, and it can be efficiently absorbed.

Also, the natural polyglutamic acid type is converted to mono-glutamic acid type at the time of absorption, so that it can be said that natural folic acid is the same as synthetic folate when absorbed. In other words, it is no exaggeration to say that safety is not related to whether it is natural folic acid or synthetic folic acid.


Consuming folic acid during pregnancy / before and after pregnancy, is recommended like the aforementioned details that we provided in this article. These days, we tend to prefer natural products, but for this reason, folic acid should be taken from supplements rather than from food sources due to the superior absorption efficacy that it brings to the body. 

If you are interested in taking a folic acid supplement, try Belta Folic Acid. For a healthy pregnancy and prevention of anemia!

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