Struggles of Menstruation: Getting Through Red Days

Menstruation is a natural biological process that occurs in the female reproductive system. It involves the shedding of the uterine lining, resulting in bleeding that typically lasts for a few days each month. While menstruation is a normal part of a woman’s life, it often comes with various challenges that can impact her physical and emotional well-being. In this article, we will explore the struggles associated with menstruation and discuss ways to cope with them effectively.

Menstruation refers to the monthly shedding of the uterine lining, which occurs in women of reproductive age. It is a vital process that prepares the body for potential pregnancy. When conception doesn’t occur, the lining breaks down and is expelled through the vagina.

Common Struggles of Menstruation

The menstrual cycle is a series of hormonal changes that occur in a woman’s body to prepare for pregnancy. As to how, it undeniably affects a lot of things in the aspect of not just physical but also the overall holistic health of the girl. Here are some of the common struggles it brings:n 

Physical Discomfort

One of the most common struggles women face during menstruation is physical discomfort. Symptoms such as cramps, bloating, breast tenderness, fatigue, and headaches are experienced by many. These discomforts can vary in intensity and duration, affecting daily activities and overall well-being.

Emotional Changes

Menstruation can also bring about emotional changes. Hormonal fluctuations during the menstrual cycle can lead to mood swings, irritability, anxiety, and even depression. These emotional changes can impact relationships, work productivity, and overall quality of life.

Social Stigma and Taboos

In several cultures, menstruation is surrounded by social stigma and taboos. Many women face discrimination, shame, and isolation during their menstrual cycles. Lack of proper education and misconceptions contribute to these negative attitudes, preventing open conversations and support.

Limited Access to Sanitary Products

Another struggle faced by many women is limited access to affordable and hygienic sanitary products. In some communities, women resort to using unhygienic materials, such as old rags or leaves, due to financial constraints or lack of availability. This can lead to health risks and infections.

Coping with Menstrual Struggles

Given the amount of emotional turbulences menstruation may cause, it is imperative that all of us are informed about our ways forward to be able to curate a safe space for everyone. Here are some of the ways to cope with menstrual struggles: 

Self-Care Practices

Engaging in self-care practices can greatly help manage menstrual struggles. This includes maintaining a balanced diet, regular exercise, getting sufficient rest, and practicing stress-reducing techniques like meditation or yoga. Taking care of one’s physical and mental well-being can alleviate symptoms and improve overall comfort.

Seeking Support

It is crucial for women to seek support during their menstrual cycles. Talking to friends, family, or healthcare professionals about their experiences and challenges can provide emotional support and valuable advice. Sharing concerns and seeking reassurance can make the journey easier.

Normalizing Conversations

Normalizing conversations around menstruation is essential to break the taboo and stigma. Educating others about the biological process, addressing misconceptions, and promoting open dialogue can create a supportive environment for women. Encouraging empathy and understanding will help change societal attitudes.

Menstrual Hygiene Management

Maintaining proper menstrual hygiene is vital for women’s health and well-being. Regular changing of sanitary products, washing hands before and after handling them, and keeping the genital area clean help prevent infections and other complications. Hygiene practices should be prioritized and taught to girls and women.

Proper Sanitary Product Usage

Choosing the right sanitary products and using them correctly is crucial. Whether using pads, tampons, menstrual cups, or reusable cloth pads, understanding proper usage and following hygiene guidelines is essential. Each option has its pros and cons, and women should choose what suits them best.

Breaking the Stigma and Taboos

Education plays a significant role in breaking the stigma and taboos associated with menstruation. Incorporating comprehensive menstrual health education in schools, community programs, and public awareness campaigns is essential. By providing accurate information, we can empower women and eliminate misconceptions.

Challenging Stereotypes

Challenging stereotypes and cultural norms that perpetuate the stigma around menstruation is crucial. Advocacy groups, media campaigns, and influential figures can work together to promote positive narratives, dispel myths, and foster acceptance and inclusivity.

Frequently Asked Questions

Question: Can exercise help with menstrual cramps?

Yes, regular exercise can help alleviate menstrual cramps by increasing blood flow and releasing endorphins.

Question: Are menstrual cups safe to use?

Yes, menstrual cups are safe to use when properly cleaned and inserted according to the instructions provided.

Question: How can I help someone who experiences severe PMS symptoms?

Providing emotional support, encouraging self-care practices, and suggesting professional help if needed can be beneficial.

Question: Why is menstrual hygiene education important?

Menstrual hygiene education is important to promote health, prevent infections, and break the taboo surrounding menstruation.

Question: How can I contribute to breaking the stigma around menstruation?

You can contribute by having open conversations, challenging stereotypes, and supporting organizations working towards menstrual health and hygiene.


Menstruation may bring about various struggles, both physical and emotional, for women. By understanding these challenges and adopting effective coping strategies, women can navigate their menstrual cycles with greater ease. It is essential to break the stigma surrounding menstruation, ensure access to sanitary products, and foster supportive environments where open conversations can take place.