Is There a Connection Between Diet and Fertility? ~ What to Eat During Fertility


“What should I eat to make it easier to get pregnant?” if you want to get pregnant, you may wonder about this and you may google it. We cannot say that this works for you 100%, however, there may be a connection between diet and fertility.

Let’s take a look at the diet when you want to have a baby.

To take folic acid

Folic acid is one of the B vitamins, and is greatly involved in the process of red blood cell formation in the body. It is also an extremely important vitamin for the growth of the fetus, and it is said that the demand for folic acid increases during pregnancy and fertility, requiring more than twice the normal amount of folic acid.

Effect on neural tube defects (anencephaly and spinal meningiomas)

Taking folic acid for at least one month before pregnancy can reduce the risk of neural tube defects. The neural tube is the source of the brain and spinal cord of the baby in the womb, and neural tube defects occur when a part of the neural tube fails to close properly.

If the head of the neural tube fails to close, the result is anencephaly, and if the tail fails to close, the result is spina bifida (mainly spinal meningiomas). Since the neural tube is already nearing completion when the pregnancy is detected, it is necessary to take folic acid supplements internally even before conception.

Effect on Infertility due to Ovulation Disorders

There are reports from Denmark that folic acid reduces the risk of infertility related to ovulation disorders by one-third, and that the time it takes to become pregnant is shortened.

Effect on in vitro fertilization

It has been reported that people who are born with low levels of enzymes necessary for the production of folic acid have lower ovarian responsiveness to fertility drugs, resulting in a lower number of eggs retrieved. In addition, there have been reports that taking folic acid internally has resulted in better quality eggs, and that the rate at which children were obtained through IVF was 20% higher in the group that took 0.8mg/day or more of folic acid compared to the group that took less than 0.4mg/day.

Vitamin B12

It cooperates with folic acid to help produce hemoglobin in red blood cells. It also helps the enzymes involved in the regeneration of folic acid in the final stage of the folic acid metabolism cycle, making the absorption of folic acid more efficient.

Omega-3 fatty acids

Omega-3 fatty acids are polyunsaturated fatty acids that are important for a variety of functions in the body.

Both eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), which are omega-3 fatty acids, are a type of essential fatty acid that can hardly be made in the human body. They are found in oily fish such as sardines, mackerel, salmon, tuna and trout, as well as shellfish such as crabs, mussels and oysters.

In order to take in omega-3 fatty acids, it is first recommended to eat a variety of fish that contain EPA and DHA. However, it should be noted that excessive consumption of fish may pose a risk of mercury accumulation in the body.

Mediterranean Diet

Grains, fruits and vegetables, and olive oil should be consumed daily, chicken, seafood and eggs 2-3 times a week, and meats except chicken 2-3 times a month.

The Mediterranean Diet Pyramid, developed by Old ways, a non-profit food think tank in Boston, in collaboration with the Harvard School of Public Health, is easy to understand. The lower the pyramid, the higher the frequency of intake, and the higher the pyramid, the less intake is advisable.


Be aware of what you eat when you have a baby and after you get pregnant. The nutrition that you take is not only for you but also for your baby health / growth. If you don’t know what you eat exactly, talk with your doctor.

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