Infertility: Causes and Common Treatments

pregnancy stress

Older folks often say that what makes life fulfilling is falling in love, getting married, and having your kids. Sadly, more and more couples nowadays are having severe difficulties in producing their off-springs. And although adoption has become a more common option these days, there is still this different overwhelming feeling of holding and caring for a child that came from your womb. Unsurprisingly, one of the main culprits for this family-building buster is infertility.

What are infertility and its causes?

Based on the medical world, infertility is a condition where a couple cannot conceive and get pregnant even though they have tried continuously for one year or 12 months. It may occur during your first year or can suddenly happen after getting pregnant once or more and are unable to afterward.

Unlike what most people believe that it’s only associated with the female, infertility can also affect males. In most cases, it is usually just one of the infertile two, but there are instances where both couples are suffering from this condition, which is even more challenging. And the common causes for women include old age, stress, obesity, hormonal disorders such as PCOS, fibroids and polyp growth in the uterus and fallopian tube, and ovarian dysfunctions. Meanwhile, in men’s cases, infertility often happens due to genetic damage, diabetes, excessive alcohol drinking and cigarette smoking, undescended testicles, and viral infections.

Common Infertility Treatment Procedures

  1.   Ovulation Inducer Medication

Before going into more complicated treatment procedures, your doctor will initially just prescribe medication such as ovulation inducers. This medication can help your under-producing ovaries produce eggs naturally and healthily, which is one of the common reasons for infertility. And it promotes more follicles to develop and grow, which are small sacs that produce necessary hormones for the regular menstrual cycle. Usually, ovulation inducers are first given orally, but injecting the drugs directly into your bloodstream is done if that doesn’t work.

  1.   In-vitro Fertilization

IVF, for short, in vitro fertilization, is one of the most well-known infertility treatments out there. It is often used as one of the last resort if other treatments fail. And IVF is generally done if your husband is the one having infertility issues such as little to no production of sperm or its inability to move.

The procedure itself is relatively straightforward, wherein the sperm taken from the husband and egg from the wife are allowed or more like forced to meet each other on a test tube or petri dish to induce fertilization. Once they have successfully fertilized the egg, it is then injected back to the uterus to allow normal fetus development. Sadly, this doesn’t always work, but you can try this procedure multiple times if need be and if your budget can handle it.

  1.   Artificial Insemination

Another popularly known treatment is artificial insemination or AI for infertility conditions. However, unlike IVF, where fertilization takes place in the lab, this procedure is more or less natural. The process involves harvesting the sperm and choosing only the best of the batch; they are then injected into the woman’s uterus when she starts producing eggs. After that, it’s merely a waiting game if fertilization happens or not. Chances of success for this treatment would typically hang on both sperm and egg quality, hence its low success rate.


Infertility can be quite a hurdle, so you better have you and your spouse tested earlier on to be sure. And if by chance, any of you two are infertile, there are already several treatments you can do to conceive and get pregnant thanks to our medical advancements successfully. But it will all just boil down if whether you’re willing to keep on trying and risking or simply give up altogether. I’d rather you choose the latter because there’s no harm in trying after all. 

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