Many women who are trying to get pregnant re suffering from infertility. But then, why does infertility occur? In this article, we introduce the causes of infertility and the signs of infertility.
What are the causes of infertility in women?
These days, it is common to suspect infertility if a woman has not got pregnant in a year after having sex without contraception. However, if a woman is over 35 years old, or has abnormal menstruation, or has been previously diagnosed with a sexually transmitted disease, uterine fibroids, or endometriosis, it is recommended that you see an obstetrician if you don’t get pregnant for about six months.
There are several possible causes of infertility in women. The first is the lack of normal ovulation. The second is blockage or adhesion of the fallopian tubes, which makes it difficult for the fallopian tubes to take in an egg. The third is implantation problems caused by uterine fibroids. There are also cases of low cervical mucus levels or the production of antibodies that damage sperm, making it difficult for the egg and sperm to meet.
In addition to these, there are many cases where the cause of infertility cannot be found even after testing. In fact, 1/3 of all infertile women have “unexplained infertility”. In general, the percentage of “unexplained infertility” patients increases as the age of the couple increases, and aging is thought to be one of the major causes.
It is important to check your menstruation every month
The ease of pregnant decreases rapidly with age. The earlier you identify that you are infertile, the sooner you can get treatment to remove the cause or fertility treatment, and the higher your pregnancy rate will be.
First, it is important to check for abnormalities in your menstrual cycle. An abnormal menstrual cycle is one that is either too long or too short. If it has been more than 39 days since your last menstrual period, or if your next menstrual period comes within 24 days, there is a good chance that you are not ovulating. This risk is increased if you are extremely thin due to excessive dieting or, conversely, if you are extremely obese. It is important to keep a basal body temperature chart for a month or two and see a gynecologist as soon as possible.
Even if there is no abnormality in your cycle, you need to be careful if your menstrual amount is extremely high or less. If the amount is a lot and the duration is long (more than 8 days), there is a risk of gynecological diseases such as uterine fibroids. If the amount is extremely low or short (less than two days), it may be a sign that ovulation has not occurred.
These diseases can also cause infertility!
It has been pointed out that if a woman has endometriosis, her pregnancy rate can drop to as low as 1/10. In particular, if you have chocolate cysts (endometriosis that develops inside the ovaries) caused by endometriosis, you need to be especially careful because it is believed that the aging of your eggs may be more advanced than your age.
The most common subjective symptom of endometriosis is menstrual pain. Even if there is no abnormality in the menstrual cycle or quantity, women who suffer from extreme menstrual pain should be careful. Especially if the pain gets worse year after year, there is a high possibility that you are suffering from endometriosis. In addition, if you always feel sick to your stomach during menstruation, or if you feel pain when you have sex, you may have endometriosis.
Women who have been diagnosed with fibroids or have had sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia or gonorrhea are also at an increased risk of infertility. Pelvic peritonitis, peritonitis after abdominal surgery, and bowel obstruction are also common reasons why the fallopian tubes may not be working properly.
Women who have any of these issues should get them checked out as soon as possible.
If you want to get pregnant, first you need to check the condition of the ovary and uterus. The earlier you find the cause, the sooner you may get pregnant. Also, if you have abnormal menstruation, it’s better to see the gynecologist.