5 Health Checks You Need Before Pregnancy


If you want a baby soon or someday, there are some things that you should know. One of the most important is to take tests “before pregnancy”. When you hear of these tests, some women may think that they can postpone these tests because these can easily be taken after pregnancy.

However, it may be too late. Why?

Women may not often think about it, but there is a possibility that some kind of disease will occur in our body. If you do not know about it in advance and deal with it, it may be necessary for hospitalization or artificial miscarriage to save your life.

In this article, we will introduce 5 tests that you should take before pregnancy.

5 tests that you should take before pregnancy

Those who are planning to become pregnant must do these 5 tests because it is necessary to investigate if you are healthy enough to give birth, or if it is safe for your baby to be given birth by you.

  • Cervical cancer screening
  • Internal and ultrasound examination
  • Vaginal discharge test
  • Mammography medical examination
  • Medical check-up

What are the 5 examinations?

So, we will briefly introduce in this section what each examination will test and how it will be carried out. Read the main point carefully! 

Cervical cancer screening 

This is the examination to find out whether you have cervical cancer or not. There are two types of uterine cancers, which are said to be the most common in gynecological cancer- cervical cancer and uterine body cancer.

Uterine carcinoma occurs from the endometrium. The endometrium is the membrane inside the womb for raising the fetus.

On the other hand, cervical cancer is generated from the part called the cervix at the entrance of the uterus. Although it is easy to discover, early detection is important as it is said that treatment is difficult when the disease has already progressed.

The examination is done by observing the cervix with a magnifying glass called a colposcope. There is little pain, so relax. You can take a medical examination at the outpatient department of gynecology.

Internal and ultrasound examination 

Internal examination and ultrasound examination in gynecology are indispensable for gynecological examination. It involves the application of ultrasonic waves to the body and examines the condition of the organs such as the uterus and ovaries by looking at the image. It can be checked for uterine fibroids, abnormal endometrium, ovarian tumor, so it is safe to take the examination once.

Vaginal discharge test

Usually, it is an examination that is taken when you are concerned about the color of vaginal discharge, or when there is itching or pain in the vulva. However, it is said that there are many women who take it when considering pregnancy.

 In this examination, you will be examined for vaginitis or vulvitis. In recent years it is said that young women are increasingly infected with Chlamydia, so be sure to take the examination just in case.

Mammography medical examination 

It is an examination of the breast. It makes an X-ray inspection using X-ray equipment dedicated to the mammary gland. It checks for lumps, calcification, distortion of the mammary gland, and so on. Since X – ray examination can not be taken during pregnancy, it is one of the tests that you should investigate before pregnancy.

Medical checkup 

The last one does not involve gynecology in particular, but an overall medical examination.

Specifically, you will be taking examinations such as interviews, physical measurement, blood pressure measurement, blood test (blood sugar, cholesterol, neutral fat, electrolyte, kidney/liver function test, etc.), urinalysis, and chest X-ray. 

It’s recommended to include all of the tests for your health checkup. This is necessary because we never know what illnesses may be hidden.


There are things like inspections and examinations that you don’t usually hear and make you worry. However, it is important to prepare the mind and body thoroughly for you and your baby’s future. Take all the exams by all means!

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